Wgu C823 Task 2 Application of Community Health & Population-Focused Nursing

Wgu C823 Task 2 Application of Community Health & Population-Focused Nursing

Wgu C823 Task 2 Application of Community Health & Population-Focused Nursing
Wgu C823 Task 2 Application of Community Health & Population-Focused Nursing

Application of Community Health & Population-Focused Nursing
Western Governors University

This paper is about an epidemic outbreak of tuberculosis in Haiti after January 2010’s 7.0-magnitude earthquake, which killed and injured about 600,000 people and left about 1.5 million displaced. This disease will be described; involved risk factors will be discussed. The following topics will also be discussed: how the outbreak could affect the community, reporting protocol if the outbreak were to occur. A plan on how to report about the outbreak to stakeholders in the community will also be discussed as well as strategies recommendation to prevent the outbreak in the community.
A1. Description of disease Tuberculosis is a disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal curable and preventable. The symptoms may include bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer, chest pain, coughing up blood or sputum, weakness or fatigue, weight loss, no appetite, chills, fever and sweating at night (Population reference Bureau, 2010). A situation where there are more Tuberculosis cases than expected within a population during a particular period of time and there is evidence of recent cases is called a TB outbreak (CDC, 2012) *
A.2 Epidemiological determinants
If there is a health problem in a community, a natural disaster may cause it to spread like wildfire. After the earthquake, several Haitians immigrate to many countries, massively in the United States and the neighboring countries, which open the door for the disease to spread internationally. In July 2012, one of the largest TB outbreaks was reported in Florida after the lawmakers voted to close the state’s only…
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